The City of Arts and Sciences is located at end of the old riverbed of the river Turia in the city of Valencia, Spain.
This is an architectural, cultural and entertainment complex. It was designed by well known Valencian architects Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela.
Indeed, the City of Arts and Sciences is the most modern and futuristic part of the city of Valencia. And it’s the most important tourist destination in the city and one of the 12 Treasures of Spain.
The complex consists of the following buildings:
1. Opera House in City of Arts and Sciences
(Spanish: Palau de les Artes Reina Sofía)
This is the most impressive building of the City of Arts and Sciences complex.
It’s spectacular in size, coupled with state of the art equipment and an exciting programme.
The building has four auditoriums: the Main Room, the Master Classroom, the Amphitheater and the Chamber Theater. The auditorium is well equipped with advanced film and video projection systems.
The Opera House is dedicated to promote the music (mainly opera) and the performing arts.
(Spanish: El Oceanográfico )
This is the biggest marine park in Europe. It is also located in the City of the Arts and Sciences.
The Oceanografic invites the visitors to travel around the planet’s main seas and oceans.
In general, it is made up of different marine areas that are structured into 2 levels. These marine areas reflect the Mediterranean habitats, the polar oceans, the Arctic and the Antarctic, the islands, the tropical seas, the temperate seas and the Red Sea.
In addition, these areas also house the exhibitions of typical environments and ecosystems of those oceans and seas.
There are more than 45,000 different marine species in this aquarium. These include sharks, whales, walruses, sea lions, penguins and manta rays, just to mention but a few.
Last but not least, the marine park has a spectacular dolphinarium and an auditorium.
3. Prince Felipe Museum of Science
(Spanish: Museo de las Ciencias Príncipe Felipe)
This museum is also in the City of Arts and Sciences complex. It covers an area of 40,000 square meters and resembles the skeleton of a whale.
Prince Felipe Museum of Science is an enormous long structure with three floors of ultra interactive science material. These are on topics like electricity, physical laws, lasers, human body, sport sciences, sound, lights, planetarium, and many others.
Most of the exhibitions in this museum are permanent, with a couple of temporary sections. Moreover, some of the stuff are purely fun, while others take the use of good brain to work, but all in all, the museum is fascinating.
Unlike in other museums, the rules here are: pull, push, touch and twist.
4. The Agora in The City of Arts and Sciences
(Spanish: El Ágora)
The Ágora is a metallic structure that covers an area of 5,000 square metres.
This is a multi functional setting designed for the staging of congresses, conventions, concerts, performances and international sports meetings.
In addition, the roof of the Agora has a movable component which can be opened and closed. And as a result, when it’s closed, it has a maximum height of 70 metres above ground level, and when it’s opened, the maximum height is 85 metres.
It can also be converted into an exhibition area.
5. Hemisfèric in The City of Arts and Sciences
This is a spectacular construction with an ovoid roof of over 100 metres long
which is meant to resemble a giant eye, meaning the eye of wisdom.
This element symbolizes the look and observation of the world that visitors discover through surprising audiovisual projections.
Inside the Hemisfèric, there is a large sphere that houses three projection systems on a concave screen of 900 square meters. Thse includes:
- IMAX Cinema
6. The Umbracle
This is a greenhouse located at the City of Arts and Sciences.
It’s a huge, open access garden covering more than 17,000 square metres.
In a nutshell, the visitors can stroll around and to see the typical Mediterranean plants and contemporary sculptures.
Last but not least, this is the only part of the complex where the public can access for free of charge.
- The public car park of the City of Arts and Sciences is located just below the Umbracle
- It’s a great walk around these futuristic buildings, with nice shallow water pools and a lot of impressive architecture with open space
- The City of Arts and Sciences is open 365 days of the year
A Travel Quote…
We live in a wonderful world that is full of beauty, charm and adventure. There is no end to the adventures we can have if only we seek them with our eyes open. – Jawaharial Nehru
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