A Visit To The Venetian Fortress of Koules, Heraklion
Venetian Fortress of Koules

The Venetian Fortress of Koules is the emblem of the city of Heraklion.

After exploring the mountain ranges, beaches, rough and rocky terrains, and gorges for days, we decided to explore the city of Heraklion and its hidden treasures.

✦ The City of Heraklion

Heraklion is the largest town in Crete and the capital of the entire island.

The City of Heraklion
The City of Heraklion

The city is still thriving with extensive facilities that cater to all the needs of its visitors and residents.  

✦ A Visit To The Heraklion’s Emblem

This fortress was built to protect the city.

The Fortress of Koules

Koules Fortress is the name by which is widely known. It was the part of the defensive system of the city when Crete was under Venetian rule and reused by the Ottomans who succeeded the Venetians as rulers of the island.

The Fortress’s history goes back to Hellenistic times. What the visitor sees though belongs to Venetian and Ottoman periods.

The Fortress of Koules

✦ What to Expect From The Venetian Fortress Heraklion

The Fortress of Koules consists of two floors.

The Fortress of Koules

On the ground floor, there exist a number of rooms that were used to house captains or to store food and ammunition. And on the upper floor, there are battlements for placing canons. From here, the soldiers viewed the horizon, watching out for enemies towards the sea, ready to face the battle. This is my favorite part of the Fortress of Koules.

The Fortress of Koules

✦ Own Experience From The Fortress of Koules in Heraklion

We accessed the information on development, evolution through time and history of the fortress and also the city of Heraklion.

The Fortress of Koules

This is through info panels, videos, museum exhibits that are set up in various rooms of the Fortress of Koules in both Greek and English languages.

 The Fortress of Koules

Indeed, it’s well preserved with a lot of interesting historical information and the displays are well laid out.


On the upper floor, the massive walls have open arcs. From here, we had a beautiful view of the sea, the harbor, and the city of Heraklion.

 The Fortress of Koules

Last but not least, we enjoyed a walk around this spectacular fortress and then we had a stroll at the Heraklion seafront.

Some Tips

  • Explore the neighborhood
  • The parking at the Port of Heraklion is free of charge on Sundays
  • The entrance fee is quite affordable
  • It’s a 10 minutes walk from the city


Thank you for stopping by and stay positive! 

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